The scheme for planting watermelon

The scheme for planting watermelonWe are used to the fact that watermelons are grown in the south of our country, but now this berries can be obtained and in the middle band, although this will have to work hard. Seeds of the culture in question form sprouts with an increase in temperature up to 12 degrees, but in most regions of our country summer is short, so truck farmers first grow seedlings, and then place young plants in unprotected ground or greenhouse premises.

In addition to the scheme of planting watermelons, you should know which area and soil are best suited for this culture. Ideal option will be planting seedlings or sprouted seeds in sandy, as well as sandy loam soils with a neutral acid reaction. In case of increased acidity, chalk or lime is introduced into the soil. The place for watermelons should be well illuminated by the sun, and if these crops are planted in the shade, then the fruits can not accumulate enough sugar. Good predecessors for the considered crop are cereals and legumes, as well as potatoes, perennial grasses. The earth needs to be plowed, to remove the remains of weeds and to bring in useful substances, for example humus.

Now you need to choose a variety of watermelons and here you need to know that early-mooring watermelons form fruit in 70-75 days from the moment of emergence, and later in 90-100 days. The technology of planting plants depends on climatic conditions: in the south of the country, the crops are cultivated by sowing seeds in the open ground. In this case, the holes with two or three seeds are placed at a distance of 1,5 meters in both directions for the early varieties, and the planting scheme for watermelons of late-ripening varieties is 2 2 meters.

In the middle belt watermelon is grown by transplanting seedlings. In this case it is necessary to prepare a special soil with a sufficient amount of useful substances and good aeration. Sow the seeds in separate pots with a diameter of 8-10 centimeters. When sowing, the seeds are buried at 2 centimeter, and then watered with warm water. In an open ground or a greenhouse, transplants are transplanted at a monthly age, when 5-7 leaflets appear on them according to the same scheme as the seeds.

Further care for the plants should include loosening of the upper soil layer, periodic irrigation with warm water and the introduction of nutrients into the soil. During the development period, most varieties of watermelon may suffer from the effects of diseases and pests, so plants are sprayed with chemical preparations from powdery mildew, and also struggle with the spread of thrips and decay.



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