Cultivation of watermelons in the suburbs

Cultivation of watermelons in the suburbsAll varieties of watermelons are perfectly developed on light sandy loamy soils, which have a neutral acid reaction. It is known that the most favorable regime for growing this vegetable is the temperature: from 20 to 30-degrees in the daytime, at night - 16-18 degrees. Reducing the temperature to the mark in 12 or 13 degrees leads to inhibition of growth, the death of the root system and the rapid death of the culture.

Getting a good crop of watermelons in the suburbs is quite difficult, because in this region there is a high probability of returning frosts, there is no sustainable heat. With a good warm summer, you can grow a watermelon in an unprotected soil, but most gardeners get harvests of this crop in film greenhouses using seedlings.

When growing watermelons in the suburbs, at the first stage you need to prepare its grain for planting. They have a thick enough skin, so you need to help the germ to break through the protective layer. For this purpose, the seeds are heated for two or three hours in warm water with a temperature of about 45 degrees. After that, the seed material is placed in a damp cloth and stored in close proximity to the heating battery until germination. During germination, the seeds need constant humidity and sufficient oxygen, so the grains are constantly moistened and open the tissue several times a day for unimpeded access to oxygen. After the appearance of the first shoots, about a week after germination begins, the seeds are planted in large peat pots, watered with warm water and placed in a warm place until germination.

Transplanting seedlings of watermelons in a greenhouse in the suburbs spend at three or four weeks of age, and between the neighboring plants leave a distance meter. Cultures are deepened into the ground and a little hilly to stimulate the development of the root system. In order to direct the energy of the plant in the right direction, the bush is formed. First you need to pinch the stem after the sixth leaf, as well as the tips of the shoots, on which the fruit was formed. Experienced melon growers recommend to remove the whips without harvest.

In the most cases, pollination of watermelons is carried out manually. As a result of such operations, a maximum of three fetuses should remain on each of the plants. Cultivate crops with a periodicity of 10 days no more than three times during the growing season. As a top dressing solution of mineral fertilizers is used (in a bucket of heated water 5 grams of superphosphate and potassium chloride are dissolved, as well as 3 grams of ammonium sulfate). For each culture, you need to pour out 2-3 a liter of such a solution. After this mulch root zone of watermelon to prevent moisture evaporation.

To obtain good harvests of watermelons in the Moscow region it is important to observe the optimal temperature regime. For this, in the first stages of rooting of seedlings in greenhouses over plants, a peculiar frame is formed in the form of metal or wooden arcs, on which agglomerates are pulled.

Watering the watermelons in the greenhouse is carried out with the use of warm water, abundant doses with a periodicity of one week. After stopping the increase in yield, the soil moistening is stopped. To prevent decay of fruits under each of them a small plate is put.

The first signs of ripening watermelon can be determined by a light peel and a clear pattern on the surface. Collection of fruits of the culture in the Moscow region begins in late summer, when the leaves begin to dry out on plants. With proper care, you can get fruits weighing up to 3-kg.



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