Cultivation of melon

Growing melons in open groundGardeners who decided to grow a melon on their site should know that she loves light, slightly alkaline or neutral soil, with a good degree of air permeability, moderately wet. If growing melons in the greenhouses, they must be constantly ventilated. It is desirable for melons and small fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. In addition, regular loosening of the soil is necessary.

Acidic and even slightly acidic melon does not like melon. Wet and stagnant air is not desirable for it. Bad melon tolerates cold weather, organic and mineral fertilizers in abundance, fresh manure, cold water during irrigation.

Choosing a variety for growing melons

Early varieties and hybrids, which from the beginning of flowering to full ripening of the fruit take about 40 days, should be grown in regions in which there is a cool and short summer. Note that for melons of an average term this period lasts from 50 to 60 days.

It should be engaged in the cultivation of small-sized melons, the weight of which does not exceed 1-2 kg. Such melons can not be stored. In addition, they will not ripen in the room, if left unripe. The storage of melons of average duration is usually about 1 a month, so they can be left for a while in the ripening room. In such conditions, large Asian melons, as a rule, do not grow. However, you can lead their grafting on pumpkins. Having done this, it becomes possible to grow large Asian melons.

At home on the loggia you can grow small melons. Their cultivation under such conditions is no different from growing in a greenhouse. The only thing that needs to be done is to provide melons with enough space for food. Capacity 5-6 l for this is quite enough. For example, you can put a melon in a plastic bucket with a volume of 5-6 l.

When the top layer of the soil warms up to 15 - 16 ° C and the threat of nocturnal frosts passes, you can seed melons in the soil with dry seeds. However, this should be done no later than June June. Otherwise, the fruits will not have time to ripen. At a depth of 10 cm seed sowing is performed. If you are going to grow melons in a greenhouse, then you should sow the seeds in the warmed soil.

Growing melons can be dealt with through seedlings. In this case, the possibility of harvesting you will appear earlier for a couple of weeks. For this purpose, a month before planting, the seeds are sown in pots.

In late April, it is necessary to plant seedlings, if you are going to cultivate melons in the open ground. In early April, the seed should be sown if melons are grown in a greenhouse.

Seed preparation

Seeds should be soaked in order that they quickly ascend. Sow them in the soil can be after they are slightly proklyutsya. If you sow dry seeds in moist soil, the delay with the emergence of seedlings will be 2-3 days. In 10-14 days sprouts appear. If the temperature is maintained at 25 ° C, sprouting may appear on the fourth day.

Features of growing melons in the open ground

On a permanent place seedlings should be grown when she has 5-6 real leaflets. Make holes should be immediately before planting. The soil should be watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This will prevent the formation of mold. You can fill a hole with warm water only after this. After completely absorbing water, you can plant the seedlings in the hole. Watering of seedlings should also be done one day before the transplant. Deepening of plants into the soil does not produce.

When growing melons in greenhouses producing a garter. They tie them up as well as cucumbers. A feature of the melon is that, unlike cucumbers, it does not cling to the twine with the growth of the lashes and it must be twisted around the twine independently. 40-50 cm - this should be the distance between plants.

If you grow a normal variety, then in this case it is necessary to pinch the central stem above the 5-6 sheet. The substituting main shoot of the side is tied to the trellis.

It's the other way around in hybrids. On the central shoot are women's flowers. For this reason, his clinging does not work. Lateral it is better to pinch after 2-3 sheet. This avoids unnecessary thickening. Melon pollination is due to insects. But if the weather is rainy, then you will have to do it yourself. Fruits must be hung after they reach the size of a tennis ball on a horizontal trellis.

Feeding and watering melons

To fertilize melons use fertilizers, for example such as "Uniflor - bud". With irrigation it is necessary to combine feeding. Do not overmoist the soil. Top dressing should be combined with watering. Soil overmoistening should not be allowed. Do not forget that watering should be done after the drying of the soil. The frequency of irrigation largely depends on the lighting: in sunny weather, watering should be done more often, with rainy - less often. Like the pumpkin with cucumber, melon is potassium. Melon feeding is carried out in Azofa until the first female leaf appears. Watering with this solution should be done every week. The norm of the solution for each plant should be 0,5 l.

Watering with phosphoric-potash top dressing is produced from the moment of flowering melons.



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