Care of potatoes

Care of potatoesGetting large potato results is in many respects envious of careful and timely care of potatoes.

To have emerged potato shoots, it is necessary to exert efforts and fight the weeds. If this is not done, then they can take root and blossom. Annual weeds are the majority of weed plants. They start large sprouts even before throwing the rosette on the surface.

Even carrying out shallow cultivation of soil allows without special problems to get rid of them. The part that remained with the root, after some time, dies on its own. At the moment, using harrowing, you can kill most of the annual weeds and some of the rhizomes that hibernate in the upper layers of the soil. It is also important when the work is carried out to care for potatoes before the appearance of the first shoots.

Conduct harrowing of potatoes after the first shoots appeared. Or when a small part of the weeds appeared on the surface. A light harrow can be used to loosen the soil. In addition, you can use light rakes.

When growing early potatoes, an important task is to protect young varieties of potatoes. There are cases when shoots are damaged by frost, and crops do not die. Planted tubers in this case can give new sprouts. Observations suggest that in crops that have been damaged by frost, the crop is formed at a later date and it is noticeably smaller. If there is a threat of frost, then the seedlings are covered with earth, an easy hummocking is carried out.

Уход за картофелем после посадки начинается с боронования и прополки. Боронование картофеля можно производить, используя мотыги, рыхлители с зубьями или культиваторы.

The number of inter-row processing depends directly on the composition of the soil and meteorological factors. After the fall of the first plantings, most often such treatments are carried out. They continue until the tops of the foliage close.

Hilling is a must, which also needs to be done when growing potatoes. Loosening of the soil is carried out by a hiller in the aisles. Then it is tied to the base, which after a short period of time there are stolons, they end with tubers. There are also additional roots. The comb protects the potatoes from planting tubers, in addition, it protects against changes in air temperature near the surface layer.

Начинать окучивание картофеля нужно, когда ботва большинства растений достигла 15 см. Обычно выполняют одно-два окучивания. Первое окучивание более мелкое, а второе выполняется на глубину до 20 см. Рыхление дна борозд между гребнями необходимо проводить после каждого окучивания. Это сбережет влагу, а, кроме того, увеличит урожай картофеля.

If you were unable to introduce fertilizers into the soil in the required amount before planting the potatoes and the process of plant formation is unsatisfactory, then in this case it is necessary to feed potatoes. You should bring in those nutrients that are not enough.

Potato water consumption is highest at the beginning of plant formation. If it is not enough, then this can lead to profound changes taking place in the metabolism. The consequences of this are revealed later. Observations show that in plants that have experienced a shortage of moisture in the initial phase of formation, the time for the creation of stolons subsequently changes. In addition, the formation of tubers is delayed.

During the flowering period, potatoes consume the greatest amount of water. During this period, the tubers begin to grow most actively. However, the potato demonstrates a great instability to a lack of moisture during the budding period, when stolons and secondary roots occur, the growth of tubers begins.

The first watering should occur in the phase of bud formation. The next one takes place every 10-12 days. On furrows with a small jet - this is the best way to produce watering. After the watering and drying of the surface is complete, loosen the potato plantations.

Timely care of potatoes in the garden is a pledge of a good harvest of "second bread", as we call this culture.

russian English


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