Transplantation of phalaenopsis orchids and production of substrate

Transplantation of phalaenopsis orchids and production of substrateMaking a substrate for an orchid at home

If you have a desire, then to make a substrate of the house will not be difficult.
So, the components:
1. Pine or fir bark. It can easily be found in forest parks.

2. Charcoal. You can buy it in the store - wood, for ignition of the brazier or do yourself (light a fire).
3. Moss sphagnum. For those who do not know, sphagnum is a moss that can often be found in swamps, as well as in forests. The best moss that grows on swamps, as it will absorb moisture better.
4. Pine cones, which are not difficult to find, are also an important component of the substrate for orchids.
5. Roots of the fern. It is quite easy to get them. You need to dig a fern, shake its roots off the ground and cut it off. Cut them in small pieces.
6. Peat.

Once you have found all the components, you can get down to business. Before you make a substrate, you should steal all the components that you have collected (except charcoal). Moss sphagnum should be soaked in water for a day.

One of the options for preparing the soil:

Step 1: If you want, you can put a shredded foam, pebbles or pieces of brick on the bottom of the pot.
Step 2: Mix bark and charcoal in the proportion of 5 to 1.
Step 3: Add crushed moss to sphagnum and crushed roots of fern (very little).
Step 4: Add peat (do not add too much).

You yourself can create substrates for orchids, but remember that you should not add too much, you risk making the substrate too heavy, which can badly affect the growth and development of orchids.
Also remember that phalaenopsis should be planted in a transparent, plastic pot with holes for ventilation (in it they are sold, but if you think that the orchid becomes uncomfortable in it, then transplant it into a more voluminous one).

Transplantation of phalaenopsis orchids

To transplant a flower it is necessary only in some cases, such as:

1. 2 years passed since the transplantation.
2. The orchid began to grow, it had many roots, that is, it becomes cramped in the pot.
3. Pests were found in the substrate or the substrate itself became unsuitable for keeping the flower in it.

To transplant an orchid is very carefully, try not to injure it, otherwise the flower can not please you with growth and beauty.

Step 1: Pull the flower out of the pot. To make it easier to do this, you can put the orchid in a basin of water for an hour or two. If this does not help and the flower can not be taken out of the pot, it is better to cut the pot so as not to injure the plant. Then very gently pull out the orchid from the pot, put it in the basin and inspect the root system, because it can tell a lot about the health of the flower. For example, if the roots are grown and intertwined, then your orchid is healthy and with it everything is in order. But if the roots are small, they rot, then it's worth worrying.
Step 2: Process the roots.
Roots should be washed with water and carefully separated from them substrate. If some pieces are very strongly grown to the root, then do not tear them, you can injure the plant. Then you should carefully inspect the root system, cut off rotten roots and treat these places with charcoal, crushed activated carbon or cinnamon.
Step 3: Remove dry, yellow leaves, if any. It is also recommended to remove dry peduncles, not forgetting to process the sites of slices.
Stage 4: Transplant to a new ground.

On the bottom it is desirable to put pebbles, crushed foam or expanded clay, you can also use pieces of bricks. Place phalaenopsis in the middle of the pot, it is also not recommended to dig in too deep a plant.
After the transplant, it is necessary to put the orchid in a dark place for 8-11 days. The first watering after the transplant can be done the next morning, if the orchid was dried all night, but if it was not dried for long, the first watering should be done in 4 days. At the end of the article, I want to note that the use of coconut substrates has recently gained popularity. More about coconut substrates You can find out on the Internet- perhaps this is what you are looking for.

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