Growing sugar beet

Growing sugar beetThe laborious and often unprofitable process is the cultivation of sugar beet. Activities such as harrowing, bunching, loosening, watering and fertilizing should be carried out in full accordance with the established schedule and the period of vegetation. If they are not observed, the yield will decrease markedly. All the costs that have to be borne by sugar beet cultivation do not ultimately pay off the cost of the final product - sugar.

It is worth noting that at present the maintenance of sugar plants is too expensive. In recent times, there are often cases when such enterprises are ruined.

What is the difficulty in growing sugar beets? We will try to answer this question in the framework of this article.

Sowing of sugar beet

To ensure that the yields of beets do not decrease, the area of ​​cultivation is changed every year. Predecessors in the cultivation of sugar beets play a big role - beans and grains are perfect. In the fall, the sowing of sugar beet to a depth of 30 cm produces plowing, immediately introducing fertilizers.

Cover harrowing performed immediately before sowing. Cultivation is carried out to a depth of 8 cm. Along with this, the soil is leveled. When the temperature reaches plus 8 degrees and the sugar beet is sown. If you sow at a lower temperature, the shoots will appear later. If the seeds are sown at a higher temperature, the upper soil layer will dry out, and the probability of seed damage by insects will increase. Beetroot flea can damage seedlings in hot weather. Therefore, in order to avoid this, it is necessary to pollute the sites around the crops with metaphos. At a depth of 5 cm, the seeds of sugar beet are sown. Superb harrowing is used after 4-5 days after planting. It is carried out in order to destroy the weeds, increase the moisture reserves, and, in addition, to destroy the crust that formed after the rains.

Уход за посевами сахарной свеклы

Если погодные условия способствуют, то уже через неделю-полторы появляются всходы. Первое рыхление проводят после появления истинных листьев. По-другому данное мероприятие называется шаровка почвы. При её проведении используют пропашный культиватор на низкой скорости трактора. Букетировка или прореживание – это следующий этап. После её проведения только самые сильные растения остаются на поле.

The peculiarity of growing sugar beet is that this culture consumes a large amount of water. At 1 ha, 25 cubic meters of moisture per day occurs in the first couple of weeks of vegetation. In the event that the conditions of crops are met, the shoots in the first month will be completely covered by moisture from thawed waters supplemented by inter-row watering. In the second period of vegetation, when there is an active growth of the foliage, water consumption can reach 40 cu. M on 1 ha. If in July and August the amount of precipitation is minimal, then watering at least 3-4 times a month. Watering in September produces 1-2 times. Watering beets is stopped after the second decade of September.

In the third decade of September, beet harvesting is carried out, during which beet harvesters are used. Sugar beet can not be called the most profitable for cultivation. Over the last 10 years, its crops have significantly decreased.

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