Onion grown

ShallotOn the European continent, the shallots came from Turkey. At present, it is almost impossible to meet this type of onion in a wild-growing species. But growing onions in a garden can bring a good harvest.

In comparison with the plants of onions, the shallots have miniature sizes in the shallot. This onion leaves are of the arched type, narrow, up to 40 cm. The leaves have a dark green color, a waxy coating is present. Each branch usually contains 7-10 leaves. On onions, bulbs have a rounded shape. The inflorescence is a spherical, multi-flower umbrella. In comparison with flowers, pedicels are twice as long. Petals of the perianth have a white, greenish or pinkish color. A dark hue has a central vein. By their size, the seeds are slightly inferior to the blackies of onions. The formation of air bulbs in inflorescences occurs only occasionally.

The vegetative method is most often used for breeding shallots onions. However, the flower-bearing shoots, as well as the seeds, he form in the state. Note that when growing shallots onions, the effect of low positive temperatures leads to a generative development. This is another thing that distinguishes onions from the shallot.

Early maturity is another feature of this bow. Maturation of bulbs in the middle band occurs usually in 75-80 days after the appearance of the leaves.

Old-arable fertile soils are the most preferable for growing shallots. It grows well on heavier soils than on onion. Bean cultures are the best predecessor for planting shallots. Only in 3 year, you can sow this onion at the same place.

Planting onion shallots

In the spring, bulbs are planted. You can also plant it in earlier periods and even under winter. In the latter case, landing is possible only in the southern zone. This plant is distinguished by its high winter hardiness. Even frozen bulbs then thaw without any damage.

Warming bulbs at a temperature of 40 ° for 8 hours provides an accelerated bulb growth, and, in addition, is a preventive measure against diseases.

The size of the bulbs is calibrated before planting. It should be remembered: large bulbs provide a large leaf mass, as well as a greater number of daughter bulbs. But despite all the advantages of using when planting large bulbs, it is nevertheless better to plant medium sized bulbs, with a diameter of 3, see their placement can be thickened - up to 30 pcs. On 1 m2. This ensures the reception of a uniform area of ​​the same size bulbs. For planting on the greens usually use small bulbs.

Tape, 4-row scheme for planting shallots is the most convenient. 70 cm - this distance is maintained between the tapes and 20 cm between the rows, and between the plants the interval should be 8-10 cm. Only in moist soil, the bulbs are planted. If necessary, the grooves are watered. Peat rows are sprinkled after planting.

Loosening and weeding is the main care when growing shallots. Only in droughty weather, watering should be done.



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