Care for cucumbers

How to care for cucumbersCare for cucumbers is to carry out such operations as loosening the soil, weeding weeds, picking shoots, as well as regular watering and feeding.

For the first time the soil begins to loosen, when shoots appear and rows will be visible. The treatment is subjected to soil between the rows, combining this operation with weeding. Further loosening is carried out at intervals of 10 days.

To avoid injury to the root system, it is desirable to use forks to loosen the cucumber beds: they are pierced between rows of plants and immediately removed without performing any movements to the side.

When the first real leaf begins to form in the plants, it is time to thin the shoots of cucumbers, while the optimal number of plants must be observed. On the site where cucumbers are grown, we regularly carry out weeding for weed control and loosening. Weeding cucumbers must be systematic and carried out with the appearance of weeds.

Чтобы затраченные усилия были вознаграждены хорошим урожаем, необходимо проводить формирование растений, что будет способствовать отрастанию плодоносящих боковых побегов. Пикировке подвергают побеги над третьим либо четвертым листом, иными словами, верхушечные почки попросту выламывают либо вырезают. Все это приводит к образованию множества боковых плетей. Их необходимо размещать поочередно направо и налево от центра ряда, дабы обеспечить каждому зеленцу хорошее освещение. Чтобы зеленцы скорее достигли зрелости, огуречные плети можно зафиксировать на земле, благодаря чему у растений появится больше придаточных корней, что обеспечит им лучшее питание.

Caring for cucumbers during fruiting

When the plants enter the phase of vegetation and fruiting, care for cucumbers is a frequent watering. If there is not enough moisture in the soil, this will adversely affect growth, and as a consequence, the fruit that is being formed will be bitter. Watering of cucumbers should be done in the evening, using the water that has settled in the sun, which will help to avoid hypothermia of plant roots.

But at the same time, we must not forget that the soil is too moistened, not just the lack of moisture, not less damage to cucumbers.

When excessive watering, there is a risk of death of the roots, favorable conditions for the development of rot and other cucumber diseases, as well as the appearance of pests, for example, spider mites.

When the plants enter the fruiting phase, it is time for fertilizing: it is necessary to apply mineral fertilizers or a similar composition every two weeks with liquid organic fertilizing. Most often, feeding changes: when applying for the first time a solution of mullein or bird droppings in another, already use mineral fertilizers. Also good results can be achieved if from time to time sprinkled with humus earth roots, which appeared on the surface of the soil.

Care for cucumbers in the greenhouse

The main recommendation when caring for cucumbers is to ensure the optimal thermal regime: you need to do everything possible to avoid sudden temperature fluctuations, which has a very negative effect on cucumbers. In the afternoon, optimum temperature for normal plant growth in greenhouses is 22-26 ° C, and at night - 18-20 ° C.

If it's sunny outside, in the greenhouse it's necessary to raise the temperature to + 35 ° C, for which all the windows are closed. In the future, the temperature should be lowered to the optimal temperature (20-25 ° C) and it should be done slowly, otherwise there is a danger of plant adherence and slowing the formation of fruits.

Along with this, when growing cucumbers in greenhouse conditions, care must be taken to maintain high humidity when it gets hot. This is achieved by spraying walls with warm water. With infrequent visits to the holiday site (for example, on weekends), a solution that avoids excessive dryness can be the placement between plants of several open containers or buckets filled with water. Due to this, the humidity of the air will be increased, thereby creating favorable conditions for the normal development of plants, which will help to dispense with watering when you are absent from the dacha.

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