Planting pepper

Planting pepperThe birthplace of sweet pepper is Mexico. Only thanks to the discovery of America this wonderful vegetable came to Europe. Pepper belongs to the family of the nightshade - this culture is a long-term one. In our homeland, pepper is grown one season, because it has a long period from seeding to harvesting and that's why pepper planting is carried out every spring. The color of the fetus may be different, mainly it depends on the variety and maturity. Distinguish yellow, red, orange, green and white peppers. According to the shape of the fruit, the vegetable can be long-fruited, large-fruited, broad-fruited and small-fruited.

Usually, the seedlings of this culture are planted in the soil. He is very fond of heat, even more tomatoes, so seeds must be germinated before sowing. Sowing of seeds in a greenhouse or film shelter is determined by the possible term of transplanting the seedlings into the ground.

Sweet pepper begins to germinate when the temperature of the soil reaches a mark of + 14 degrees. If this temperature lasts for a long time, the shoots will appear only after three weeks, at a temperature of + 20 degrees - in a week. To accelerate the process of germination of seeds, they should be heated in water with a temperature of + 40 degrees. Warming up should be done up to 10 hours, after which the seeds are put in a warm place (+ 25 degrees). In this state, the seeds are up to 5 days, after which they begin to germinate. Before sowing the seeds are put on light until 3 hours.

In the south of the country these seeds can be planted in the ground, in other cases they grow seedlings. We will not describe the process of growing seedlings, we will dwell on the main topic.

Посадка сладкого перца Is produced on soils that have a good composition of nutrients and are characterized by an easy mechanical composition. Heavy soil is best not to use. If there are loamy soils on your site, they should be additionally fertilized and fluffed by adding the following substances per square meter: humus - 1 bucket, sawdust - 1 bucket and 2 buckets of peat, in addition to this area you can make a glass of ash.

Do not make fresh manure, it will give a plentiful leaf mass, and the fruits will form small. To dig the soil should be at 30 centimeters. Good crops that will precede the pepper are carrots, onions, zucchini, pumpkin. You should not plant after potatoes, peppers, tomatoes, fizalis, eggplant.

To get a high crop yield, grow peppers using seedlings. Separate the sweet pepper from bitter so that they can not mutually pollinate, because in the end result, sweet pepper will be bitter.

When to plant pepper

The timing of planting pepper in the soil depends on the weather, but it is usually necessary to plant seedlings in the ground from the middle of May, but the seedlings are covered with a film. The distance between individual plants should be 30 centimeters, and the width of rows between them should be up to 60cm. When using peat pots, they are buried at 2 centimeter below the surface of the earth, when plants are planted from the box, the plants must be covered with earth to the cotyledons.

It is best to put the pepper in the evening when the weather is hot, while watering and mulching holes. After a couple of days, the plants are watered, and the places of watering are covered with dry soil. Stems of pepper are fragile enough, they can break off, so put pegs near each plant so that you can later make a garter.

As mentioned before, the pepper stems are tender, so plantations must be protected from strong winds. To do this, the site is planted with tall plants, for example, beans, beets, chard.

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