Cultivation of a peach

Cultivation of a peachPeach is considered one of the most delicious fruits of the southern regions, although recently it is grown in the suburbs and in the northern regions of Ukraine. Now the breeders have brought out many varieties of this crop, so the ripening of peaches continues for a long time. In the southern regions, peach ripening begins from the last decade of June, and some gardeners manage to harvest until the middle of autumn, in the northern regions the maturation of this crop begins a little later.

Growing a peach in the middle band is quite problematic. He loves warmth and light, trees are characterized by rapid growth and early fruiting, which in individual varieties begins with a three-year age. Winter hardiness of this crop is limited to -NNUMX degrees, although some varieties can withstand and large frosts. To ensure that the tree does not freeze in winter, it is important to choose the right site for Planting a peach in spring or autumn. In this case, you need to take into account the peculiarities of culture - the love of warmth and light and the danger of freezing, so the terrain must be protected by a high fence or a building wall.

When growing a peach, you need to pay special attention to the light: you need to avoid neighborhood with tall trees - shading leads to a loss of yield and increased maturity of wood on young shoots, which reduces the index of frost resistance of the tree. It is risky to plant a peach in lowlands or places with low groundwater levels.

Planting seedlings in the soil is produced in the spring before sap movement (March, April) or in the fall - in early September. The planting pit mixes the nutrients necessary for the initial development of the tree (humus and mineral fertilizers). All components must be thoroughly mixed so that they can not damage the root system of the young tree.

At first, after planting the tree, it is necessary to systematically water the soil to form additional rootlets, but the water should not stagnate in the hole. The amount of water for irrigation depends on the weather. So in a drought under each tree it is necessary to pour out buckets of water on 2 with periodicity in 10 days. Also, water is needed in the tree during the ripening period, but here it is necessary to observe the norm, abundant moisturizing can lead to cracking of the fruit. A good option is the mulching of the root zone of the 3 tree with a centimeter layer of humus, which will prevent moisture evaporation and weed germination.

In the future, growing a peach is reduced to fighting pests and diseases, but this is another topic.

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