Care of the currant

Care of the black currantCurrant is well adapted to the cold Russian climate, but without proper care even the most hardy plants can not bring a high yield, so every currant bush should be provided with proper care and care. First, let's look at a few mistakes that inexperienced gardeners allow in the care of the black currant.

  1. The content of outdated bushes. The older the bush, the lower its yields, so they need to be replaced in time by young plants.
  2. The thickening of planting, which deprives plants of proper nutrition and sufficient light. It is understandable that in such conditions, the yield of the currant will significantly decrease.

The basis for caring for currant bushes is a whole range of activities: loosening rows, weeding, watering, fertilizing, pruning and shaping, protection from diseases and pests.

Care of the currant in the spring

Spring care should be given maximum attention, because of the quality of its conduct will depend on the yield of berries. It includes several stages:

In early spring, even before the appearance of the kidneys, it is necessary to remove diseased and dry branches. Cut them with the help of a pruner under the root so that there are practically no stems in which pests accumulate. A properly formed shrub yields high yields and lasts much longer.

Using the stand, lift the branches upwards to form a small crown. This is necessary so that during fruiting under the weight of berries the branches do not fall and do not lie on the ground.

Garbage collection is one of the most important stages of caring for the currant in the spring. Old grass, leaves and other unnecessary trash should be collected and burned outside the site.

Sprinkle the bushes with boiling water. Of course, this method of processing is very laborious, but it is an excellent means of combating wintering pests and is absolutely safe for plants. It should be treated early in the spring, be sure before the buds blossom.

Почву возле куста рыхлим на глубину в 1 см.

From mid-May, watering is resumed. It is at this time that shoots and roots begin to grow.

In late May - early June, the formation of ovaries takes place, so it is necessary to regularly make fertilizers.

Caring for the currant in autumn after harvesting

September-October is the best time to start autumn care. During this period, currant bushes begin to fertilize with mineral and organic substances. Mulching soil is an important element of autumn care for the currant, it helps protect the roots of young plants from frosts.

Quite often, gardeners do not have time to perform all pruning in the spring, since it takes a long time. Therefore, обрезку смородины осенью, The more it can be produced until the arrival of stable colds.

You can start pruning immediately after harvesting. The radical shoots thickening the bush and the old branches are also to be removed, and during this period the old currant bushes should be rejuvenated. Then, sanitary pruning of broken, dry, diseased branches and shoots is carried out.

Also, after harvesting, currant bushes need to be treated against fungal diseases, as well as disinfecting shrubs and soils around them.

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